There is tremendous ambiguity surrounding this field of educational credential analysis. It is compounded by the fact that grading systems differ widely in theory and practice from one country to another, and the fair interpretation of foreign grades into national ones is a major concern, both for students returning after a study period abroad and for university staff required to assess the credentials of foreign applicants. The academic world, especially students, struggle to determine what their education amounts to in another country. The educational credential evaluation component also exists outside of the academic community: at state licensing boards and other types of governmental agencies, at professional associations, and at private foreign educational credential evaluation services which assist institutions and agencies that do not have in-house expertise. This book is also aimed to facilitate the smoother functioning of these institutions.